For those that want to know where the LEAP, NEAP, pathways, cycle paths, open spaces, allotments, tennis courts, playing fields and bowling greens are going to be located – download the document below. The images are extracts from the PDF document.
Info on LEAP and NEAP: Local Equipped Area for Play (LEAP) and Neighbourhood Equipped Area for Play (NEAP).
Guidance has been produced regarding kids play with two main sources of information: Fields in Trust (FIT), formally NPFA, and Play England. Play England provides advice on the quality of the play space and the philosophy of children’s play, whilst FIT continues to provide quantitative advice on the type and number of provision. New FIT guidelines were introduced in August 2008 to update ‘The Six Acre Standard’. These new guidelines are entitled Planning and Design for Outdoor Sport and Play’ (PAD). The following points are of particular relevance for residential developments:
Playground areas no longer have to provide a set number of pieces of equipment, but rather play experiences, for example, a LEAP has to provide a minimum of six experiences and a NEAP has to provide a minimum of nine play experiences. Therefore a scheme could theoretically be achieved without equipment.
For higher density developments, particularly ‘brownfield’ sites, the play area buffer zone may be reduced around LEAPs which could result in a reduction from 3600m2 to 1600m2 and a consequently larger developable area.
You no longer need to enclose a play area within a fence, only if the play area abuts a road, water course or other hazard.
Local Landscaped Area for Play is a new designation that sits between a LEAP and a NEAP. Fundamentally this is an unequipped space that is specifically laid out to encourage imaginative play for all ages. The methodology of assessing existing play spaces has changed and is now based on a points system which will conclude if the local provision is of a high quality and experience.
Recently, research has been undertaken into how kids use play spaces and how we can improve their play areas by providing stimulating and challenging experiences. Historically, the National Playing Fields Association (NPFA) provided this advice, and was established to set benchmark standards to outline and protect the amount of designated open space, play and sports facilities close to where people live. More recently, Play England, part of the National Children’s Bureau, has become the forerunner in the philosophy of children’s play.
The NPFA produced ‘The Six Acre Standard’ originally in the 1930’s to ensure that everyone had access to play and sports facilities close to where they live. These standards were then adopted by Local Planning Authorities and incorporated into their planning policies and planning conditions for development sites. The NPFA then re-branded themselves as the Fields in Trust (FIT) and produced the updated version of their guidelines, entitled: ‘Planning and Design for Outdoor Sport and Play’ (PAD). These new guidelines advise on the latest legislation and public policy and also provide advice on climate change, SUDS and sustainable communities.